The Howard Family
The Howard Family ranks in the British peerage next the Blood Royal. The Howards obtained Sheffield, Worksop, and many other of the ancient possessions of the Lovetots, Furnivals, and Talbots. They descended from the Earl of Passy, in Normandy. William Howard, a. learned judge in the reigns of Edwards 1. and II., was one of their early ancestors. His son, John Howard, was sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk, and served in the wars against the French and Scots, in the latter reign.
Sir John Howard, the son of the latter, was a renowned Admiral in the reign of Edward III. His grandson, Robert, married Margaret, daughter and co-heiress of Thomas de Mowbray, the first Duke of Norfolk. They had issue : John Howard, who was commonly called 'Jocky of Norfolk', and distinguished himself in the wars with France, in the reigns of Henry VI, and Edward. IV, in the latter of which he was Captain General of the King’s forces at sea, Deputy-Governor of Calais, summoned to Parliament among the barons ;and Constable of the Tower of London ;and obtained a grant in special tail of divers lands and manors. He (Jocky of Norfolk) had. a pension from France, and in addition to it, he received from Louis XI, in less than two years, in money and plate, 24,000 crowns by way of direct bribe.
He got all the honours of Earl-Marshal, etc, from the Mowbrays, Dukes of Norfolk, just then extinct, in return for his favouring the ursurpation of Richard III with whom he was killed in the battle of Bosworth-Field, in 1485 and being attainted, all his honours were forfeited. But his son Thomas subsequently obtained the favour of Henry VIII, who bestowed on him the Manor of Clipston and he was restored to the title of Earl of Surrey. He afterwards routed the Scots at Flodden Field, and rendered such essential service to Henry VIII., that in 1514, he was created Duke of Norfolk. William, his second son, was created Baron Howard of Effingham, and Thomas, his eldest son, succeeded him as Duke of Norfolk; but after rendering great services to Henry VIII, he was seized and attainted. with his son Henry, who was beheaded on Tower Hill, in 1547. He himself, however, lived till the catholic Mary ascended the throne, and restored him to all his honours and estates in 1553, but he died in the following year, when he was succeeded by his grandson Thomas, who, in the protestant reign of Elizabeth, was attainted and beheaded in 1572, for siding with Mary Queen of Scots. His son, Philip, Earl of Arundel, (by Margaret, sole heiress of Henry Fitz Alan, Earl of Arundel) was found guilty of high treason and died in the Tower six years afterwards. Thomas, Earl of Arundel, son of the latter, introduced the 'Arundel Marbles' into the kingdom, and obtained possession of Sheffield by marrying Lady Alethea Talbot.
Henry, the Duke of Norfolk of the time of James II, was a staunch protestant. It was owing to his nephew succeeding him, that the title came again into the Roman Catholic line.
The titles of the Most Noble Bernard Edward Howard , are Duke of Norfolk, Earl Surrey and Arundel, Hereditary Earl Marshal, Premier Peer, Baron Fitz Alan, Clun and Oswaldestre, and Maltravers, F. R. S. and F. S. A. He married Lady Elizabeth Belasyse, by whom he has issue, Henry Charles Howard, Earl of Surrey, who married in 1814, Lady Charlotte Leveson Gower,by whom he has issue, Henry Lord Fitz Alan and other children. The late Duke renounced the ancient religion of his ancestor. , Bernard Edward Howard possessed the Roman Catholic Faith, as did his son and grandchildren, who resided at Worksop Manor. The principal seat was Arundel Castle, Sussex, and their town residence in St James’s Square, London.
Dukes of Norfolk
Dukes of Norfolk, third Creation (1483)
- John Howard, 1st Duke of Norfolk (1430-1485) died at Bosworth Field.
- Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk (1443-1524) (restored 1514) married twice 11 children including William Howard (1510-1572/3), 1st Baron Howard of Effingham.
- Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk (1473-1554) (forfeit 1547, restored 1553) married first Lady Ann Plantagenet, daughter of Edward IV. She died 1512 or 1513. Aged 40, he then married 15 year old Lady Elizabeth daughter to Edward Stafford, Duke of Buckingham 3 children, Henry, Thomas and Mary
- Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk (1536-1572) Married first in 1556, Mary FitzAlan (dau of Henry FitzAlan; second Married in 1557 to Margaret Audley (d.1563-4, dau of Thomas Audley, Lord of Walden). His honour was were forfeited for treason and he was beheaded
- Thomas Howard, 5th Duke of Norfolk (1627-1677) Mentally deficient and never married was brother to Henry(1628-1684) (restored 1660)
- Henry Howard, 6th Duke of Norfolk (1628-1684) Married Lady Anne Somerset, daughter of Edward Somerset, 2nd Marquess of Worcester and Elizabeth Dormer
- Henry Howard, 7th Duke of Norfolk (1655-1701). Married Mary Mordaunt, the daughter of Henry Mordaunt, 2nd Earl of Peterborough. Divorced in 1700. No children. He was succeeded by his nephew, Thomas Howard, 8th Duke of Norfolk.
- Thomas Howard, 8th Duke of Norfolk (1683-1732) son of Thomas Howard and Mary Elizabeth Savile. Married Mary Maria Winifred Francisca Sherburne daughter of Sir Nicholas Sherburne,in 1709. Died without a male heir. Upon his death, the title passed to his brother, Edward Howard, 9th Duke of Norfolk.
- Edward Howard, 9th Duke of Norfolk (1685-1777) Son of Thomas Howard (bef 1662-1689. Married Mary Blount , daughter of Edward Blount and Anne Guise, in 1727. Mary died1773. Edward died in 1777 without a male heir.His titles passed to Charles 10th Duke of Norfolk
- Charles Howard, 10th Duke of Norfolk (1720-1786) the son of Henry Charles Howard (c1695-1720) and Mary Aylward. Married Catherine Brockholes, daughter of John Brockholes, in 1739. Succeeded to the title in 1777 after the death of Edward (1685-1777) He was succeeded by his son, Charles Howard, 11th Duke of Norfolk.
- Charles Howard, 11th Duke of Norfolk (1746-1815) Upon his death, the title passed to Bernard Edward Fitzalan-Howard.
- Bernard Edward Fitzalan-Howard, 12th Duke of Norfolk (1765-1842). Son of Henry Howard (1713-1787), and Juliana Molyneux (1749-1808). Married Lady Elizabeth Belasyse (1770-1819), daughter of Henry Belasyse, 2nd Earl of Fauconberg of Newborough (1743-1802) and Charlotte Lamb (1743-1790), on 23 April 1789. Succeeded by his son Henry Charles Fitzalan-Howard
- Henry Charles Fitzalan-Howard, 13th Duke of Norfolk (1791-1856). Married in 1814 Charlotte Sophia Leveson-Gower, the daughter of the 1st Duke of Sutherland.
- Henry Granville Fitzalan-Howard, 14th Duke of Norfolk (1815-1860). Married Augusta Mary Minna Catherine Lyons (1821-1886). Succeeded his father the 13th Duke
- Henry Fitzalan-Howard, 15th Duke of Norfolk (1847-1917)
- Bernard Marmaduke Fitzalan-Howard, 16th Duke of Norfolk (1908-1975)
- Miles Francis Stapleton Fitzalan-Howard, 17th Duke of Norfolk (1915-2002)
- Edward William Fitzalan-Howard, 18th Duke of Norfolk (b. 1956)
Heir Apparent: Henry Miles Fitzalan-Howard, Earl of Arundel and Surrey (born 1987)
Thomas Howard the 4th Duke of NorfolkSon of Henry, Earl of Surrey and Frances de Vere. He married: Mary Fitzalan, in 1555. They had one son , Philip Howard, Earl of Arundel.
He married next Margaret Audley in 1558 and they had 3 children:
- Thomas, Earl of Suffolk 1st, born 1561. His grandaughter was Frances Howard who married into the Darcy family
- Lord William Howard,born 1563
- Margaret Howard
Philip Howard, Earl of Arundelborn in 1557 , married Anne Dacre in 1571.
They had one son Thomas Howard, Earl of Arundel, born in 1585
Philip was imprisoned in the Tower as a Roman Catholic in 1585 and attainded for high treason in 1589. At his death in 1595 he was succeeded by his son Thomas
Thomas Howard, Earl of Arundel (1585-1646)Married in 1606 to Lady Alathea Talbot, daughter of Gilbert, Earl of Shrewsbury and Mary Cavendish.
Gilbert, Earl of Shrewsbury had no son, and at his death, Sheffield, and all the rest of his estate, passed to Thomas Howard.
In 1644 he was created Earl of Norfolk
- James Howard, Lord Maltravers/Mowbray, b. 1608
- Henry Frederick Howard, Earl of Arundel (1608-1652). Married in 1626 Elizabeth Stuart
- William Howard(1614-1680), later Stafford-Howard, 1st Lord Stafford, Viscount Stafford.Married in 1637 Mary Stafford (sister of Henry Stafford, 5th Lord Stafford)
Lady Frances HowardLady Frances Howard was the daughter of Sir Thomas Howard, 1st Earl of Berkshire and Lady Elizabeth Cecil. She was born circa 1627. She married Conyers Darcy, 2nd Earl of Holderness , son of Conyers Darcy, 1st Earl of Holderness and Grace Rokeby, on 8 February 1649/50. Her married name was Darcy.
Children : - 2nd Earl of Holderness: John Darcy born about 1659,
She died on 9 April 1670.
Henry Frederick Howard, Earl of ArundelProvision made for Henry Frederick's younger sons took the form of annuities secured on certain of the estates and ceasing with their lives, with the exception of the second son (in the event the fourth), who was to have the Manor of Greystoke as an inheritance. The sixth Duke on the other hand provided handsome patrimonies for his second son, Lord Thomas, who had the Manor of Worksop, and for Lord George, his eldest son by the Duchess Jane, who had the Manors of Glossop and Rotherham. Lord George, who left no descendants, willed his properties to his only living brother, Lord Frederick Henry ( posthumous son of the sixth Duke and Duchess); by him Rotherham was left to the Earl of Effingham and his own right heirs being Protestants, ceased permanently to have any connection with the Norfolk estates.
Barons Howard of Effingham
- William Howard, 1st Baron Howard of Effingham (1510-1573) married Margaret Gamage
- Charles Howard, 1st Earl of Nottingham, 2nd Baron Howard of Effingham (1536-1624) son of William (1510 - 1573) Married Catherine Carey then Margaret Stuart
- Charles Howard, 2nd Earl of Nottingham, 3rd Baron Howard of Effingham (1579-1642) Married first in 1597 to Charity White (d.1618), daughter to Robert White; secondly in 1620 to Mary Cokayne, daughter of Sir William Cokayne
- Charles Howard, 3rd Earl of Nottingham, 4th Baron Howard of Effingham (1610-1681) Married about 1627 to Arabella Smith, daughter of Edward Smith. No known children.
- Francis Howard, 5th Baron Howard of Effingham (1643-1695) Inherited the barony on the death of his cousin, Charles Howard, 3rd Earl of Nottingham,(1610-1681).
- Thomas Howard, 6th Baron Howard of Effingham (1682-1725) Married first in 1706/7 to Mary Wentworth (d 29.05.1718); second in 1722 to Elizabeth Rotherham (d.1741), daughter of John Rotherham
- Francis Howard, 7th Baron Howard of Effingham (1683-1743) (became Earl of Effingham in 1731)
Earls of EffinghamFirst Creation (1731)
- Francis Howard, 1st Earl of Effingham (1683-1743) son of Francis Howard, 5th Baron Howard (1643-1695) Married first(23.02.1713) Diana O'Farrell and second (23.05.1728) Anne Bristow
- Thomas Howard, 2nd Earl of Effingham (1714-1763) 8th Lord, Married (14.02.1744/5) Elizabeth Beckford
- Thomas Howard, 3rd Earl of Effingham (1746-1791) 9th Lord, married (29.08.1766) Catherine Proctor, daughter of Metcalfe Proctor of Rothwell, Leeds. Married at Rotherham Parish Church
- Richard Howard, 4th Earl of Effingham (1748-1816) 10th Lord Married (14.06.1785) Harriet Elizabeth March. Thundercliffe Grange was his summer residence.
This earldom became extinct on the death of Richard Howard, in 1816 but was created again in 1837 in favour of Kenneth Alexander Howard, 1st Earl of Effingham (1767–1845) , who had succeeded to the barony of Howard of Effingham in 1816.
Second Creation (1837)
- Kenneth Alexander Howard, 1st Earl of Effingham (1767-1845) . 3rd child of Henry Howard of Tower House, Arundel (d.1811) and his second wife Maria MacKenzie (d .1826). Reverend Hon. William Howard(1815-1881) Rector of Whiston, was his son.
- Henry Howard, 2nd Earl of Effingham (1806-1889) One of his residences was Thundercliffe Grange, Rotherham
- Henry Howard, 3rd Earl of Effingham (1837-1898)
- Henry Alexander Gordon Howard, 4th Earl of Effingham (1866-1927)
- Gordon Frederick Henry Charles Howard, 5th Earl of Effingham (1873-1946)
- Mowbray Henry Gordon Howard, 6th Earl of Effingham (1905-1996)
- David Peter Mowbray Algernon Howard, 7th Earl of Effingham (b. 1939)
Duke Edward's(1685-1777) heir presumptive, after his nephew's death, was his second cousin Charles of Greystoke (1720-86), who had one surviving son; when the father succeeded to the Dukedom, the son, by Duke Edward's settlement, received the profits of the Sheffield and much of the Sussex estates. Next were the descendants of Lord Bernard Howard, whose son Bernard had been Groom of the Chamber at the Jacobite Court at St. Germains, where his children were born. He died at Winchester and his sons were shown favour by Duke Edward, who made Henry, the only one of them who was a layman, his auditor at Sheffield, where he lived at The Lord's House; there several sons were born. In the resettlement of the estates in 1767 Henry Howard was to have the Manor of Glossop as his inheritance. After his death his eldest son, Bernard Edward (1765-1842) became heir presumptive to the Dukedom, Charles, the eleventh Duke, having no children. Bernard Edward succeeded in 1815 and from him the present Duke is a direct descendant.
During the 19th century the Manor of Glossop became the portion of a younger son, Lord Edward Howard, and in a later generation the Derwent property was settled on Lord Fitzalan of Derwent.
The seventh Duke, Henry Howard, (1655-1701) stayed in Sheffield on several occasions in the 1690's at the derelict Manor Lodge, which was partially dismantled in 1706, its place being taken as the agent's residence by The Lord's House in Fargate. There, or at the Tontine Inn, the eleventh Duke as Earl of Surrey occasionally stayed in the 1780's.
The Glossop branch of the family became closely connected with Sheffield when Henry Howard lived there in the 1760's; when the fourteenth Duke, Henry Granville Fitzalan-Howard, enlarged The Farm as an occasional residence; and during the time of the fifteenth Duke, who had interest in the activities of the City.