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The Howard Family

John Howard, Lord Surrey
The Howard Family ranks in the British peerage next the Blood Royal. The Howards obtained Sheffield, Worksop, and many other of the ancient possessions of the Lovetots, Furnivals, and Talbots. They descended from the Earl of Passy, in Normandy. William Howard, a. learned judge in the reigns of Edwards 1. and II., was one of their early ancestors. His son, John Howard, was sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk, and served in the wars against the French and Scots, in the latter reign.

John Howard, Jocky of Norfolk
Sir John Howard, the son of the latter, was a renowned Admiral in the reign of Edward III. His grandson, Robert, married Margaret, daughter and co-heiress of Thomas de Mowbray, the first Duke of Norfolk. They had issue : John Howard, who was commonly called 'Jocky of Norfolk', and distinguished himself in the wars with France, in the reigns of Henry VI, and Edward. IV, in the latter of which he was Captain General of the King’s forces at sea, Deputy-Governor of Calais, summoned to Parliament among the barons ;and Constable of the Tower of London ;and obtained a grant in special tail of divers lands and manors. He (Jocky of Norfolk) had. a pension from France, and in addition to it, he received from Louis XI, in less than two years, in money and plate, 24,000 crowns by way of direct bribe.

Bosworth and Richard 3He got all the honours of Earl-Marshal, etc, from the Mowbrays, Dukes of Norfolk, just then extinct, in return for his favouring the ursurpation of Richard III with whom he was killed in the battle of Bosworth-Field, in 1485 and being attainted, all his honours were forfeited. But his son Thomas subsequently obtained the favour of Henry VIII, who bestowed on him the Manor of Clipston and he was restored to the title of Earl of Surrey. He afterwards routed the Scots at Flodden Field, and rendered such essential service to Henry VIII., that in 1514, he was created Duke of Norfolk. William, his second son, was created Baron Howard of Effingham, and Thomas, his eldest son, succeeded him as Duke of Norfolk; but after rendering great services to Henry VIII, he was seized and attainted. with his son Henry, who was beheaded on Tower Hill, in 1547. He himself, however, lived till the catholic Mary ascended the throne, and restored him to all his honours and estates in 1553, but he died in the following year, when he was succeeded by his grandson Thomas, who, in the protestant reign of Elizabeth, was attainted and beheaded in 1572, for siding with Mary Queen of Scots. His son, Philip, Earl of Arundel, (by Margaret, sole heiress of Henry Fitz Alan, Earl of Arundel) was found guilty of high treason and died in the Tower six years afterwards. Thomas, Earl of Arundel, son of the latter, introduced the 'Arundel Marbles' into the kingdom, and obtained possession of Sheffield by marrying Lady Alethea Talbot.

Worksop Manor Henry, the Duke of Norfolk of the time of James II, was a staunch protestant. It was owing to his nephew succeeding him, that the title came again into the Roman Catholic line.

The titles of the Most Noble Bernard Edward Howard , are Duke of Norfolk, Earl Surrey and Arundel, Hereditary Earl Marshal, Premier Peer, Baron Fitz Alan, Clun and Oswaldestre, and Maltravers, F. R. S. and F. S. A. He married Lady Elizabeth Belasyse, by whom he has issue, Henry Charles Howard, Earl of Surrey, who married in 1814, Lady Charlotte Leveson Gower,by whom he has issue, Henry Lord Fitz Alan and other children. The late Duke renounced the ancient religion of his ancestor. , Bernard Edward Howard possessed the Roman Catholic Faith, as did his son and grandchildren, who resided at Worksop Manor. The principal seat was Arundel Castle, Sussex, and their town residence in St James’s Square, London.

Dukes of Norfolk

Dukes of Norfolk, third Creation (1483)

Heir Apparent: Henry Miles Fitzalan-Howard, Earl of Arundel and Surrey (born 1987)

Thomas Howard the 4th Duke of Norfolk

Son of Henry, Earl of Surrey and Frances de Vere. He married: Mary Fitzalan, in 1555. They had one son , Philip Howard, Earl of Arundel.

He married next Margaret Audley in 1558 and they had 3 children:

  1. Thomas, Earl of Suffolk 1st, born 1561. His grandaughter was Frances Howard who married into the Darcy family
  2. Lord William Howard,born 1563
  3. Margaret Howard
Married to Elizabeth Leyburne in 1566

Philip Howard, Earl of Arundel

born in 1557 , married Anne Dacre in 1571.

They had one son Thomas Howard, Earl of Arundel, born in 1585

Philip was imprisoned in the Tower as a Roman Catholic in 1585 and attainded for high treason in 1589. At his death in 1595 he was succeeded by his son Thomas

Thomas Howard, Earl of Arundel (1585-1646)

Married in 1606 to Lady Alathea Talbot, daughter of Gilbert, Earl of Shrewsbury and Mary Cavendish.

Gilbert, Earl of Shrewsbury had no son, and at his death, Sheffield, and all the rest of his estate, passed to Thomas Howard.

In 1644 he was created Earl of Norfolk

Children:

  1. James Howard, Lord Maltravers/Mowbray, b. 1608
  2. Henry Frederick Howard, Earl of Arundel (1608-1652). Married in 1626 Elizabeth Stuart
  3. William Howard(1614-1680), later Stafford-Howard, 1st Lord Stafford, Viscount Stafford.Married in 1637 Mary Stafford (sister of Henry Stafford, 5th Lord Stafford)

Lady Frances Howard

Lady Frances Howard was the daughter of Sir Thomas Howard, 1st Earl of Berkshire and Lady Elizabeth Cecil. She was born circa 1627. She married Conyers Darcy, 2nd Earl of Holderness , son of Conyers Darcy, 1st Earl of Holderness and Grace Rokeby, on 8 February 1649/50. Her married name was Darcy.

Children : - 2nd Earl of Holderness: John Darcy born about 1659,

She died on 9 April 1670.

Henry Frederick Howard, Earl of Arundel

Provision made for Henry Frederick's younger sons took the form of annuities secured on certain of the estates and ceasing with their lives, with the exception of the second son (in the event the fourth), who was to have the Manor of Greystoke as an inheritance. The sixth Duke on the other hand provided handsome patrimonies for his second son, Lord Thomas, who had the Manor of Worksop, and for Lord George, his eldest son by the Duchess Jane, who had the Manors of Glossop and Rotherham. Lord George, who left no descendants, willed his properties to his only living brother, Lord Frederick Henry ( posthumous son of the sixth Duke and Duchess); by him Rotherham was left to the Earl of Effingham and his own right heirs being Protestants, ceased permanently to have any connection with the Norfolk estates.

Barons Howard of Effingham

Earls of Effingham

First Creation (1731)

This earldom became extinct on the death of Richard Howard, in 1816 but was created again in 1837 in favour of Kenneth Alexander Howard, 1st Earl of Effingham (1767–1845) , who had succeeded to the barony of Howard of Effingham in 1816.

Second Creation (1837)

Duke Edward's(1685-1777) heir presumptive, after his nephew's death, was his second cousin Charles of Greystoke (1720-86), who had one surviving son; when the father succeeded to the Dukedom, the son, by Duke Edward's settlement, received the profits of the Sheffield and much of the Sussex estates. Next were the descendants of Lord Bernard Howard, whose son Bernard had been Groom of the Chamber at the Jacobite Court at St. Germains, where his children were born. He died at Winchester and his sons were shown favour by Duke Edward, who made Henry, the only one of them who was a layman, his auditor at Sheffield, where he lived at The Lord's House; there several sons were born. In the resettlement of the estates in 1767 Henry Howard was to have the Manor of Glossop as his inheritance. After his death his eldest son, Bernard Edward (1765-1842) became heir presumptive to the Dukedom, Charles, the eleventh Duke, having no children. Bernard Edward succeeded in 1815 and from him the present Duke is a direct descendant.

During the 19th century the Manor of Glossop became the portion of a younger son, Lord Edward Howard, and in a later generation the Derwent property was settled on Lord Fitzalan of Derwent.

Sheffield Manor The seventh Duke, Henry Howard, (1655-1701) stayed in Sheffield on several occasions in the 1690's at the derelict Manor Lodge, which was partially dismantled in 1706, its place being taken as the agent's residence by The Lord's House in Fargate. There, or at the Tontine Inn, the eleventh Duke as Earl of Surrey occasionally stayed in the 1780's.

The Glossop branch of the family became closely connected with Sheffield when Henry Howard lived there in the 1760's; when the fourteenth Duke, Henry Granville Fitzalan-Howard, enlarged The Farm as an occasional residence; and during the time of the fifteenth Duke, who had interest in the activities of the City.

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